Academics

Physical Education


Essential Questions:
How can I develop effective movement skills?
How can we work together to achieve team goals?
How can I take care of my body in a safe and healthy way?
How can wellness activities and physical education activities combine in meaningful ways to make me the best I can be?

Skills and Enduring Understandings:
Pre-Kindergarten’s movement education class covers many fundamental skills and approaches for gaining physical awareness and development.  We focus on appropriate use of individual and group space.  Through the use of manipulative objects and their own bodies, students explore non-locomotor skills such as balancing, twisting, bending, and stretching, while also exploring general space by creatively moving through high, medium, and low levels. Locomotor movements including galloping, hopping, jumping, and skipping are integrated into the curriculum on a daily basis.  The pre-kindergarten students learn the concept of the four elements of movement (space, time, shape and force/flow) and are immersed in a variety of activities intended to master and discover skills within this conceptual realm.  Spatial awareness is addressed specifically with pattern and pathway building, movement in levels, and using hoops and other manipulative objects to alter their surroundings.  Traveling through movement obstacle courses, testing agility, sequencing, and stamina creates the foundation of fitness. Utilizing elements of fitness, we apply the sorting of colors, shapes, and numbers using a variety of manipulative objects to develop tactile awareness and response. Gross and fine motor skills are introduced through tracking objects, such as throwing and catching scarves and bouncing and catching balls. The curriculum is supplemented with a literacy approach, utilizing age appropriate books with movement themes to reinforce classroom activities.   
 
The overall Pre-Kindergarten through fourth grade physical education program is based on a well-rounded series of units and objectives.  The primary goal is to develop each student’s fundamental movement skills within a variety of developmentally-appropriate games, dance, and gymnastic activities. The program enhances each student’s personal fitness and provides them with the knowledge and skills necessary to engage in a variety of physical activities. The physical education program reinforces students understanding and application of fitness concepts and motor skills through a variety of movement forms. The program aims to develop student’s personal and social responsibility, self-management skills, and ability to make informed choices.  The program nurtures a joy and confidence in moving and a healthy competitive attitude.  It encourages and prepares students to participate and benefit from a lifetime of physical activity and to transfer ethical and social lessons and values learned in sport to their daily lives.

Serving Maine, The Seacoast of New Hampshire, and the North Shore of Massachusetts

Berwick Academy is Maine's oldest, independent Pre-K through Post Graduate private school. Our community is dynamic, offering challenging academics, competitive athletics, and creative arts programs. Members of the community operate within a context of caring and respect as we pursue our quest for "useful knowledge" as "one school with three divisions." Students and faculty are encouraged to expand their horizons by balancing academics with athletic, dramatic, and musical options.